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How to generate Excel using PhpSpreadsheet in CodeIgniter

In this post, I would like to show using of PhpSpreadsheet library within your CodeIgniter 3 project. PhpSpreadsheet is a pure PHP library for reading and writing spreadsheet files.

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How to generate Excel using PhpSpreadsheet in CodeIgniter

Here are the steps to generate Excel in the CodeIgniter 3 application with PhpSpreadsheet:

Step 1: Download and install CodeIgniter.

Step 2: Run the below composer command to download phpspreadsheet the library from your project folder. It will create a new folder called “vendor” and it will download phpoffice/phpspreadsheet library into it.

$ composer require phpoffice/phpspreadsheet

Here is my the directory structure after installing phpoffice/phpspreadsheet

Step 3: Open application/config/config.php file and set your vendor directory path

 $config['composer_autoload'] = 'vendor/autoload.php';

Step 4: Use phpspreadsheet library inside in your controller, here is the sample:

defined('BASEPATH') OR exit('No direct script access allowed');

use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet;
use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx;

class Welcome extends CI_Controller {
	public function index()
		$spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet();
		$sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet();
		$sheet->setCellValue('A1', 'Hello World !');
		$writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet);

		$filename = 'name-of-the-generated-file.xlsx';

		$writer->save($filename); // will create and save the file in the root of the project


	public function download()
		$spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet();
		$sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet();
		$sheet->setCellValue('A1', 'Hello World !');
		$writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet);

		$filename = 'name-of-the-generated-file';

		header('Content-Type: application/vnd.ms-excel');
		header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="'. $filename .'.xlsx"'); 
		header('Cache-Control: max-age=0');
		$writer->save('php://output'); // download file 


For more information, here is the official documentation page of – phpspreadsheet documentation

  1. Hi Arjun,
    with your code I have problems when I try to open the file with Excel through the ‘Open with / Save’ menu.
    I had to substitute the line:
    header(‘Content-Type: application/vnd.ms-excel’);
    header(‘Content-Type: application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet’);

    An uncaught Exception was encountered
    Type: Error

    Message: Class ‘PhpOfficePhpSpreadsheetSpreadsheet’ not found

    Filename: C:laragonwwwsitprogbdapplicationcontrollersWelcome.php
    Line Number: 11


    File: C:laragonwwwsitprogbd7d91e3-7a16-40e5-852c-a29107d38299index.php
    Line: 315
    Function: require_once

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