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Laravel – How to connect to azure sql server

Last updated on November 29, 2023

To connect a Laravel application to an Azure SQL Server database, you’ll need to configure the database connection settings in your Laravel application. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Install Necessary Dependencies

Ensure you have the necessary database drivers installed. For Azure SQL Server, you’ll typically use the SQLSRV or PDO_SQLSRV drivers. You can install these using Composer:


composer require microsoft/msphpsql


composer require doctrine/dbal
composer require laravelcollective/remote

Step 2: Configure .env File

In your Laravel project, locate the .env file and set the database connection details. Modify the following fields:


Replace, your_database, your_username, and your_password with your Azure SQL Server details.

Step 3: Database Configuration

In config/database.php, make sure the database connections are correctly set up. The ‘connections’ array should contain the ‘sqlsrv’ configuration like this:

'sqlsrv' => [
    'driver' => 'sqlsrv',
    'host' => env('DB_HOST', ''),
    'port' => env('DB_PORT', '1433'),
    'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'your_database'),
    'username' => env('DB_USERNAME', 'your_username'),
    'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD', 'your_password'),
    'charset' => 'utf8',
    'prefix' => '',
    'prefix_indexes' => true,

Step 4: Enable TCP/IP in Azure Portal

Ensure that your Azure SQL Server instance allows connections over TCP/IP. You might need to configure the firewall settings in the Azure Portal to permit connections from your Laravel application’s server IP address.

Step 5: Test the Connection

After configuring, run a test to check if the Laravel application can connect to the Azure SQL Server database. You can do this by running a migration, seeding the database, or simply executing a query to verify the connection.

php artisan migrate

This command will run any pending migrations against the configured database connection.

Make sure to handle sensitive database credentials securely, especially in production environments, by using environment variables or other secure methods.

Remember to consult the latest Laravel and Azure documentation for any updates or changes related to database connections or Azure services.

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